This lesson picks up from part 1 in which we demonstrated the basic footwork of the knife defense stance. We now take a closer look at one possible way to defend against a straight knife stab. As mentioned before, the footwork is absolutely crucial. By side stepping, or in this case, stepping and turning 90 degrees away from the attack path helps you stay clear from the knife.
Next is the hand block movement. Depending on the skill level of the practitioner, the blocking hand motion can act as simply as a block, or in more advanced cases, a quick sharp jolt to the opponent’s arm. Since this is an introductory lesson, the hand block is better considered as a simple block / deflection technique acting to prevent the opponent’s hand from suddenly turning in your direction.
In the scenario illustrated in the video, the defender quickly turns the hand block into a Ki-Grip to further secure the opponent. Then a number of different techniques become applicable at your disposal to further immobilize the attacker. In this case, we choose the good old fashion Hand Knife Strike / Press.
One point we need to stress is that different situations call for different techniques. As an introductory lesson we choose to illustrate with a very simple straight knife thrusting / stabbing attack. More experienced knife fighters will tend to use more cutting techniques than stabbing. However, the footwork demonstrated here would still be generally applicable and it is a foundation for more advanced defense techniques.
Knife defense techniques are high level Hapkido skills that are usually introduced to students who are close to attaining the first black belt. At this point students should at least be familiar with the use of basic techniques such as Ki Grip, pressure points, and joint manipulation.
Depending on the form of the knife attack, there can be numerous combinations of defense and counterattack techniques. Such techniques, however, would be difficult to execute without the proper footwork to match. In this Blog Lesson, Master Kim and Instructor Cha show us the basic knife defense stance.
In this lesson, we will concentrate on the defense against a simple straight knife thrust.
Instructor Cha begins by showing us the ready stance. Pay attention to the placement of his hands and feet. His feet are positioned in a perpendicular manner. This is supposed to allow easy sideways and front and back movements. This footwork is extremely important. Students need to be comfortable moving about as it is crucial to be able to step away quickly from the line of attack. Like all maneuvers, to be able to react effectively much practice is required.
Next, Master Kim shows us how mastering this footwork payoffs against a knife thrust. In this situation, the knife is coming straight at you in a linear direction. Simply deflecting the attack may not be enough and is dangerous. A safer tactic is to step away and get your body completely away from the line of attack. Remember the placement of the hands? In a real situation, one would usually step away while using one hand to deflect and stabilize the attacking hand. Once this is done, a combination of counterattacks would be possible.